Alternative beef production systems client advisory services. Morris institute veterinary, animal and biomedical sciences, massey university, private bag 11222, palmerston north 4410, new zealand. As a result, beef cattle production represents the largest single segment of american agriculture. Introduction to beef production 2 beef facts birth weight 60 to 100 pounds body temperature 101. Pdf improving production system of beef cattle agribusiness. These young bulls are acceptable to customers in the uk market. They demonstrate high levels of feed conversion efficiency as part of a high output system. Systems of commercial beef cattle production may be divided into three general categories. This chapter addresses the welfare aspects of beef cattle production systems, from birth through to finishing. The production unit could be a farm or one of the enterprises in a larger undertaking. Principles for sustainable beef farming sai platform. Pdf beef cattle production systems, challenges and. Systems of beef cattle production systems of commercial beef cattle production may be divided into three general categories.
For any beef system to be profitable and sustainable in the long term there are a number guidelines and targets that beef farmers need to be aware of and should work towards achieving. Beef production systems tamu animal science department. The industry has developed a quality payment scheme qps which delivers a bonus payment on top of the quoted base price to producers who deliver steers, heifers and young bulls that meet the specifications laid out in table 1. Efficiency of beef production systems is determined by feed and other inputs of all classes of animals in the production system as well as outputs in terms of slaughter progeny and cull cows. Resource inputs, live weight outputs, and greenhouse gas ghg emissions coupled with economic analyses of five representative us beef production systems. Commercial beef cattle production systems commercial beef cattle production systems include.
Types of beef cattle operations part one b eef is americas bestselling protein. There are three beef cattle production systems practiced in ethiopia. But if you intermate those f 2s, producing an f 3, there is no addi. In south africa the most common beef production systems are weaner, long yearling tolly and twoyear old ox systems. Extensive these are systems where cattle have the freedom to roam. Hammack if, instead of a backcross, you mate two f 1s of the same breed makeup, the progeny, called f 2, also average 50 percent reduction of heterosis from the f 1. System description production of young bulls from the suckler herd which are slaughtered before they reach 16 months of age. Intensive these are systems where cattle are in confinement and are fully dependent on humans to provide for basic animal needs such as food, shelter and water on a daily basis. Pure dairy bulls are generally better suited to intensive bull beef systems for processing beef.
Typology of beef production systems according to bioeconomic efficiency in the south of brazil. Beef production systems are classified according to the age at which animals emanating from a production unit are sold. No one beef production system is the optimum system for finishing beef cattle with each having its own merits and risks. Animal health monitoring system nahms beef 97 report established a variety of benchmarks for the nations cowcalf industry in areas such as information and management practices, breeding and calving management, production management and disease control, health and health management usdaaphis. A full description of a system includes the age, mass. In 2002, 31 percent of farms were classified as beef cattle operations, which was more than any other type of production. With this in mind, production systems need to supply prime beef which meets the demands of our most important markets.855 680 1397 929 1230 1449 972 1350 1113 973 265 1280 200 123 616 1130 743 1418 1584 802 1436 555 714 266 563 584 162 348 1347 678 1449 557 40 1291 1025 1260 570 900 209 968 1460